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Jet Noise Near Hill AFB

Hill Air Force Base operates one of the busiest airfields in the Air Force with approximately 45,000 operations annually. Various U.S. and international military aircraft transit the base for mission requirements, including depot maintenance with the Ogden Air Logistics Complex and participating in flying activity at the nearby Utah Test and Training Range. Hill’s active duty 388th and Reserve 419th Fighter Wings execute the bulk of flight operations at Hill AFB as they train to remain combat ready with the F-35 Lightning II that are used to defend the United States and our allies. The 514th Flight Test Squadron at Hill AFB also routinely performs functional check flights on the F-35 Lightning II, F-22 Raptor, F-16 Fighting Falcon, C-130 Hercules and A-10 Thunderbolt to certify the aircraft are airworthy again after undergoing maintenance or overhaul at Ogden ALC.

Hill AFB Noise Complaints Policy

As a matter of policy, Hill AFB seeks to efficiently and effectively respond to and address aircraft noise complaints and inquiries from the public in a clear, consistent, and repeatable manner that is responsive and applies the best use of Air Force resources. In furtherance of this policy, Hill has implemented an initiative to improve its noise complaint process. Elements of the initiative include:

  1. Identifying specific information complaints and inquiries must contain for the Air Force to understand the source, location, and nature of the noise issue, thereby improving the base’s ability to respond effectively and efficiently.
  2. Utilizing a Noise Complaint System to consistently record and track noise complaints and inquiries Hill AFB receives from the public.
  3. Sharing with local governments annually general information about the types of noise complaints and inquiries Hill AFB receives.
  4. Not accepting or registering noise complaints or inquiries from third party automated applications or devices. 
  5. Providing timely responses to aircraft noise complaints and inquiries.
  6. Not responding to the same general complaint or inquiry – one that does not differ in general principal from a previous complaint – from the same individual more than once.  
  7. Requiring the public to check a required field (yes or no) on the web form to indicate whether they want to receive a response from the Air Force
  8. Not responding to complaints or inquiries that are of an abusive or threatening nature or contain obscene language (condemning and offensive nature exhibiting no clear desire for a response). As appropriate, such complaints or inquiries may be referred to appropriate security and/or law enforcement authorities.
  9. Posting, and updating as necessary, Frequently Asked Questions on the Hill AFB website to inform and educate the public.
  10. Facilitating the public's understanding of the relevant aircraft noise-related issues when responding to noise complaints and inquiries by providing appropriate information about relevant Air Force regulations, policies, and guidance; measures to address the aircraft noise of concern; and circumstances that could lead to implementation of additional measures.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: Where do the F-35s and other aircraft from Hill AFB fly?

A: The majority of the aircraft departing and arriving at Hill AFB, train in the air space of the UTTR, located in the western Utah desert. They also periodically conduct currency training and evaluations at Wendover Airfield and Salt Lake International Airport. This currency training is mandated by the Air Force to keep our pilots proficient.

Q: What role does the weather play in takeoffs and landings and how does it impact jet noise?

A: Weather, including winds and cloud cover, affect flight operations at Hill and can change the various procedures and flying options for the local air traffic pattern. For example, when winds are above 10 knots, instead of taking off and landing to the south, Hill AFB flight operations shift to the north. Weather inversions with low cloud cover can also set up over the Hill AFB area, which trap and amplify the sounds created when aircraft operate near the base. Because of these conditions, local residents may hear sounds not typically produced by normal aircraft operations.

Q: What is the base doing to minimize the noise impact on surrounding communities?

A: Hill AFB arrival and departure procedures are coordinated with the Federal Aviation Administration and are managed alongside Salt Lake International Airport arrival and departure procedures. On departure, pilots climb to assigned altitudes as rapidly as possible to mitigate environmental noise effects.

Q: When do the jets use their afterburners?

A: Aircraft flying in the surrounding area are allowed to use afterburners only during takeoff and emergencies. Afterburners used on takeoff are generally extinguished by the time the aircraft reaches the end of the runway. If carrying heavyweight weapons, afterburners may be used a bit longer in order to gain safe operating airspeed.

Q: How low are the jets allowed to fly?

A: Hill’s fighter wings comply with all Air Force and Federal Aviation Administration guidelines, including not flying lower than 500 feet at any time other than takeoff and landing, unless there is an emergency. The FAA controls the flight paths for the commercial air traffic landing at Salt Lake City International Airport by limiting the altitude of aircraft taking off from Hill AFB. Once a jet is clear of the commercial air traffic flight path, they gain altitude. 

Q: Why do I hear aircraft flying at night?

A: The active-duty 388th Fighter Wing and the Air Force Reserve 419th Fighter Wing are required to train at night to maintain their readiness and all-weather capabilities. The wings limit their night operations to what is required to remain proficient in night-flying training. During after-dark operations, the wings’ personnel train with advanced targeting pods and night vision goggles. When deployed, the 388th and 419th provide close air support and must remain proficient in night flying to successfully accomplish their mission. When on a night schedule, flying is anticipated to be completed before midnight and residents will be notified. 

Q: What is the Utah Test and Training Range?

A: The UTTR is a major range and test facility that provides an ideal location for operational test and evaluation for weapons requiring a large safety footprint. The UTTR is also the only location capable of supporting overland testing of cruise missiles. The UTTR is used in a training capacity for air-to-air-combat, air-to-ground inert and live practice bombing and gunnery training by Department of Defense aircrews. The UTTR provides a vast area of realistic terrain for world-class test and training scenarios to ensure the war fighter is prepared to deploy at a moment’s notice to win any conflict with decisive air and space power. This range is a national asset, critical to the readiness of the Air Force.

Q: Why does noise sometimes increase during exercises?

A: When aircraft from other installations come to Hill to train, it often increases the number of takeoffs and departures. Many times, visiting aircraft have different noise profiles than Hill’s aircraft, which can affect noise levels as well. Additionally, during an exercise there may be an increase in the total number of flights planned and executed in an effort to provide a more realistic combat training environment for air and ground crews.

Large Detonations


There are a few reasons that booms can be caused by Air Force activities on the Utah Test and Training Range. In the special use airspace of the UTTR, our pilots can perform maneuvers to simulate combat conditions and these maneuvers could at times cause sonic booms. Munitions dropped by aircraft performing training on the range can also cause booms. With the right weather conditions, such as inversions or cloud cover, the noise from these sonic booms or munition drops can be amplified and travel some distance to populated areas of the Wasatch Front. The UTTR also plays a key role in disposing of the nation’s ballistic missile rocket motors, and the Air Force typically performs detonations at the UTTR two or three times a week between April and October each year.

Detonation is the best environmental method of disposing of the rocket motors and propellant. To date, the Air Force has safely detonated more than a million pounds of missile motor propellant. Before each detonation, the Air Force takes atmospheric readings to check wind speed, direction and other factors that are entered into a sound model to determine if conditions are acceptable for a large detonation. Detonations are delayed if the conditions are determined to be unacceptable. Because of the viability of upper atmospheric weather conditions at certain times of the year, however, the sound model may not accurately predict sound levels along the Wasatch Front and booms can be heard.



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Noise Complaint System

Please review the Hill AFB Noise Complaints Policy before filing a complaint.  

The purpose of the noise complaint system is to assist the installation in maintaining compliance with FAA flight regulations and base standard operating procedures in order to minimize the effects of noise on neighboring communities. The noise complaint system helps ensure that both Air Force and public interests are protected and to support ongoing communication between the base and communities. The system is not an avenue for individuals to comment on their general dislike of aircraft noise, the Air Force, or the military. Complaints will not change the flight patterns of current operations, change the hours the 388th Fighter Wing operates, relocate F-35 aircraft elsewhere, or close the installation. Noise will be ever present when aircraft are flying and flight operations at Hill AFB are conducted in support of Department of Defense requirements. If you feel an incident was out of the ordinary or in violation of directives or policy, click here to file a complaint.